The earlier blog post Who Were Mary and Allen? introduced the Moores, whose name was given to Moore Avenue, and whose home stood at Union and Mary streets in the late 1800s and early 1900s. (Some images and details in this post come from Laura Wilford’s excellent Moore genealogy, located at the Kitchener Public Library: Moore Lineage of North Dumfries Township: Unto This Land They Came.)
Click to enlarge. The Italianate style George and Mary Moore family home, often referred to as "Hop Villa" in its heyday, stood on a large lot at the corner of Union and Mary Streets. Today, the site is occupied by the Richelieu Apartments. Reproduced from the publication 100 Years of Progress in Waterloo County, Canada: Semi-centennial Souvenir 1856-1906. Image courtesy of the Waterloo Public Library, Ellis Little Room of Local History; photograph F-5-13.
Click to enlarge. The family of George and Mary Moore c.1887. The children are, left to right, Bella, Agnes Georgina and Robert. Image courtesy of Laura Wilford.
Moore grew hops on a large portion of the 150-plus acres he owned east of the Grand Trunk Railway tracks in the vicinity of today’s Union Street and Moore Avenue, at the edge of today's Mary-Allen neighbourhood.
In Ontario hops were, and still are, an uncommon crop, and challenging to raise. However, in the late 1800s and early 1900s George’s brother John also owned hop yards, in Preston, at the southern edge of Waterloo Township. The Preston yards covered a large acreage in the southwest end of town, stretching down to the banks of the Grand and Speed Rivers, reportedly continuing on the opposite bank. Today, the names of Preston’s Moore and Vine Streets commemorate the hop yards, and mark their former location.
Click to enlarge. According to a City of Cambridge publication, two hop growers from New York State, Abbey and Risley, established hop yards in the southwest end of Preston in the 1860s. John Moore, George’s brother, owned the Preston hop yards by the 1880s. In this c.1900 photograph of the Preston yards, Indigenous agricultural workers from the Brantford area are setting poles to support the hop “vines” (hops are grown vertically). During this period, hundreds of Indigenous workers came every year to Preston, Waterloo and surrounding areas to work with the hops - a very labour intensive crop - and also to work with other crops. Hop cultivation in Preston ceased by 1906. Image courtesy of Laura Wilford. A copy is also held at the Cambridge Archives.
Click to enlarge. This photograph of hop kilns, with what appear to be hop poles in the foreground and tall hop vines growing in the background, is in the collection of the Waterloo Region Museum. "D.L. Bowman hop yards" is written on the reverse. The location, date and provenance of the photo are not known, but because it was donated in the 1960s to the forerunner of the museum, it is likely to be a local scene. Also, there was a Waterloo hotel keeper, Daniel Lewis Bowman, in the early 1870s, probably working at the Bowman House hotel established by his father (where the landmark Waterloo Hotel stands today). In 1878, Richard Roschman and Daniel founded a button manufacturing business in Waterloo. Were these two D.L. Bowmans the same person, and were the Bowman hop yards in any way associated with Moore’s? Image courtesy of the Waterloo Region Museum; photograph 968.126.024.003.
Hmmm...time for some more research...
Click to enlarge. The old Moore hop kilns (circled) are just visible in this 1930 aerial photo of Waterloo. Part of the former Moore farmstead, in the upper-right quarter of the image, was still undeveloped in 1930. Moore Avenue marked the edge of town, as it had in the 1800s, and Elizabeth Ziegler Public School had yet to be built. Image: University of Waterloo Library, Geospatial Centre, Digital Historical Air Photos of Kitchener-Waterloo; photo IM48.
The Richelieu Apartments stand today on the former site of the Moore family home, at Mary and Union streets.